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Within a framework of task WP1.5, “Effects of Scots pine debarking by large herbivorous" Dr Paweł Nasiadka from Department of Forest Ecology and Game Management visited on 27.02 - 3.03.2006, the Brandenburg Land Forest Research Institute in Eberswalde. The aim of the visit was to exchange information and experience about relationship between land owners (forest owners) and hunters in the field of forest protection against damage caused by deer.
There is significant difference between Poland and Germany in the case of hunting systems in those countries. In Poland hunting is realized under supervision of the State Forest Service and local authorities. Hunters participate in cost of forest protection against damage caused by ungulates by fees paid to local forest districts. Most forests belong to the state and in fact relation between hunters and foresters is regulated by the state law. Information about intensity of damages and their spatial distribution across whole country are easy available, and method of damages inventory is the same in all forest. State Forest Service is an institution responsible for the quality of stands as well as for the quality of timber. From this point of view State Forest Service is interested in improving methods of forest inventory, especially methods of measuring damages from browsing and debarking.
The same effect: good quality of stands and wildlife population (read: sustainable ecosystem) is going to be reached by: (1) different recommendations and education of land owners and hunters in the case of dominated private ownership of forests and (2) by strict state rules obligated for foresters and hunters if forests belong to the state (means: society).
In both cases forest monitoring should be created as an instrument independent from ownership of land and hunting systems.
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